Hypertension is sustained elevated arterial blood pressure measured indirectly by an instrument called sphygmomanometer. It can involve many organs and systems including the heart, endocrine glands, kidneys, central and autonomic nervous system.
WHO classification of blood pressure
SBP ≤ 140 mm of Hg and DBP ≤ 90 mm of hg
SBP - 141 to 159 mm of Hg and DBP - 91 to 94 mm of Hg
SBP ≥ 160 mm Hg or DBP ≥ 95 mm of Hg
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is the higher value that occurs during contraction of cardiac cycle.
Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is the lower value that occurs during relaxation of cardiac cycle.
Both systolic and diastolic values of blood pressure are strong, good and independent predictors of coronary heart disease risk. In some high independence populations, the upper 20% distribution of blood pressure has a four times greater relative coronary heart disease risk than the lower 20% with a continuous relationship between risk and the blood pressure level.
Risk factors include family history, obesity and weight gain, alcohol intake.
Generally, people with hypertension have no identifiable cause of elevated B.P. and this is called primary or idiopathic hypertension.
When the cause of hypertension is known, it’s called Secondary hypertension. It may be due to -
Renal diseases such as glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, renal vascular disease.
Use of oral contraceptives in women
Endocrine disease such as hyperaldosteronism, acromegaly, cushing syndrome, hypothyroidism.
As we all know that a high sodium diet increases BP in many people. So the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is used for managing BP. It is an eating plan rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, poultry, nuts, legumes, and low-fat dairy. These foods are high in potassium, magnesium, calcium, fiber, and protein. Fruits and vegetables are high in potassium, magnesium, and fiber, and they’re low in sodium. Also, nuts, seeds, legumes, lean meats, and poultry are good sources of magnesium.
It is also seen that with a reduction of 5g in average daily salt intake, average diastolic blood pressure can be lowered by 4 mm Hg. Apart from sodium intake, the treatment is directed towards controlling the blood pressure within normal limits by the use of drugs, diet, controlling weight, cessation of smoking, alcohol restriction, physical activity and behavior modifications.
Here at NUTRIDIETS, we will help you to plan a customized diet that is suitable for the respective disease and your requirements taking into consideration your eating habits and lifestyle. Following our diet plans, you will be eating not only healthy but also it will help you lose weight, which is one of the important part of a healthy life. With our diet you will also reduce the risk of further complications that are associated with the disease.
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