CELIAC DISEASE

CELIAC DISEASE

Celiac disease occurs when the person has sensitivity to gluten. Gluten is kind of protein present in wheat and its products. It is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the small intestine. A defect in enzyme system that splits this protein fraction along with atrophy of jejuna mucosa may be the specific cause. It is precipitated by ingestion of gluten, in genetically susceptible individuals. It usually develops within first three years of life.

Symptoms

The child fails to thrive, loses appetite and is pot bellied. Stools are large, pale and offensive due to the presence of free fatty acids. Anemia is present with symptoms of paleness, fatigue, and tachycardia.

Digestive symptoms – diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, pale stool, foul smelling stool, loose stool, flatulence

Behavioral symptoms – irritability, depression

Inadequate nutrition symptoms – celiac disease causes malabsorption, the body does not get enough nutrients, leading to weight loss, delayed growth, failure to thrive (infants), missed menstrual periods, anemia and fatigue. Iron malabsorption is common.

Gas formation, bone pain, joint pain, seizures, and muscle cramps.

DIETARY MANAGEMENT

Celiac disease can be managed by following a gluten free diet. It is a lifetime requirement. Eating any gluten, no matter how small an amount can damage the intestine. When gluten rich sources are removed, there may be a dramatic recovery.

We have clear cut classification of gluten and non gluten sources of food that can be used in its treatment.

Objectives of diet therapy

  1. Providing a nutritionally adequate food

  2. Strict restriction of gluten foods

  3. Vitamin and mineral supplementation

The gluten free diet is a diet that contains no gluten. Foods like wheat, rye, barley must be avoided. It requires a completely new approach to eating that affects a person’s life. Products like bread, biscuits, breakfast cereals, poories, paranthas, chapattis, macaroni, noodles, and other pasta preparations have to be totally eliminated. There are some hidden sources of gluten also.

It includes additives, preservatives and stabilizers found in processed foods, medicines and mouthwashes. Despite these and some more restrictions, people with celiac disease can eat a well balanced and nutritious diet.

Here at NUTRIDIETS, we will help you to plan a customized diet that is suitable for the respective disease and your requirements taking into consideration your eating habits and lifestyle. Following our diet plans, you will be eating not only healthy but also it will help you lose weight, which is one of the important part of a healthy life. With our diet you will also reduce the risk of further complications that are associated with the disease.

Join us, avail our nutrition packages and together we will make your life happier and healthier.