ALCOHOL: BEWARE OF ITS CONSUMPTION

ALCOHOL: BEWARE OF ITS CONSUMPTION

Alcoholic beverages contain ethanol in different proportions. Beer contains 2-5% and wine 8-10% of alcohol, while brandy, rum and whisky contain much higher concentrations (30-40%). Alcohol has been extensively abused as an appetite stimulant and as a sedative-hypnotic drug. Alcohol intake, which is initiated as an innocent social habit may gradually result in a serious addiction. It may lead to several serious psycho-social problems and accidents.

Alcohol provides higher calories (7 Kcal/g) than carbohydrates and proteins and thus, can contribute to obesity. Ironically, excessive intake of alcohol is known to suppress appetite and interfere with absorption and metabolism of nutrients, leading to various nutritional deficiency diseases.

Excessive intake of alcohol suppresses appetite and as a result, leads to several nutritional deficiency diseases. People who regularly consume more than two alcoholic drinks (one equals 30 ml) are at a higher risk for hypertension and stroke. Alcohol intake has also been shown to increase the risk of cancer of the mouth, larynx and oesophagus, prostate and of the breast in women. Excessive alcohol intake weakens the heart muscle and also damages the liver, brain and peripheral nerves. It also increases serum triglycerides.